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Barabar Caves

The Barabar and Nagarjuni hills are situated 24 Kms north of Gaya and contain , in all , seven rock-cut caves of which four are in the Barabar hills. Seven rock – cut caves of which four are in the Barabar Hills. The Four caves in Barabar Hills have seven chambers and these are popularly known as Satgharwa. The Hill have been identified with the Gorathagiri mentioned in the Mahabharat by Jackson who discovered two inscriptions mentioning the name Gorathagiri in the hill itself .

Barabar caves

The Karna Chaupar Cave
The cave facing north is known as Karan Chaupar. Right above to the entrance is a damaged inscription of the 19th regnal year of Asok ( i.e 245 B.C ) outside the cave. To its west, on the rock are two rudely carved human figures and a linga.

The Sudama Cave
The cave facing north is known as Karan Chaupar. Right above to the entrance is a damaged inscription of the 19th regnal year of Asok (i.e 245 B.C) outside the cave. To its west, on the rock are two rudely carved human figures and a linga.

The Lomas Rishi Caves
Two inscripition of later Gupta Period (7th -8th Centuries A.D) both referring to kings sarddulavarman and his son Anantvarman of Maukhari dynasty and another inscription in Brahmi have been discovered here in this caves.

The Viswa Jhopri Cave
In its outer room, on the right hand wall in an inscripition recording its excavation in 12th regnal year of Ashok for the (i.e 252 BC) for the Ajvikas and referring to the name of the hill as khalatika.

Saiv Temple
On one of the hightest peaks in the range of the hills, locally known as surajanaka, is the saiv Temple of siddheshwar nath standing on the original basement of an ancient temple.

Tank
At the southern foot of the hills near the pathway to the caves is a tank called as Patal – Ganga held sacred by the hindus.

Accesibility
Near Airport: Patna (60 Km) and Gaya 35
Railway Station: Jehanabad /Bela (On enroute Patna Gaya)
Road: 35 Km from Gaya.




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